Professor of Neuroscience at the Centre for Mind-Brain Sciences at the University of Trento, of which he was also director, he is the author of more than 300 scientific papers in international journals and of several popular books including Born Knowing (MIT Press 2021) and Divided Brains (with L.J.Rogers and R.J. Andrew /Cambridge University Press 2013).

In 2016 he received the Geoffroy Saint Hilaire International Prize for Ethology and an Honorary Degree from Ruhr University, Germany. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology. He writes for the cultural pages of newspaper such Il Sole 24 Ore and popular journals such as Le Scienze. He is part of the Scientific Direction of Prometeo.